Chapter 14: Transport Policy

The overall objectives of the EU in the field of transport are to set up favourable conditions for a competitive and sustainable transport system, which increases the mobility and contributes to future growth in the EU. Thus, the EU transport policy aims at improving the functioning of the internal market by removing major barriers to transport operations and promoting safe, efficient and environmentally sound and user-friendly transport services.

Transport policy is governed by Title VI – Articles 90 and 100 of the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union. The EU transport acquis covers the sectors of road transport, railways, inland waterways, intermodal transport, air and maritime transport, as well as horizontal issues common to all fields of transport such as state aid and competition rules. It relates to technical and safety standards, social standards, state aid control and market liberalisation in the context of the internal transport market.

The EU policy objectives for road transport covers a number of social, technical, fiscal, safety and environmental requirements with the aim to promote efficient road freight and passengers transport services, and create fair conditions for competition between transport operators.

The railway acquis focuses on the liberalization of this sector and opening of the rail transport market to competition, improving the interoperability and safety of national networks and developing rail transport infrastructure.

In aviation sector, the issues of market access, safety and adapting the infrastructure to increasing passenger flows, whilst also improving their rights and safety are covered. The aviation market was gradually liberalised through three successive packages of measures adopted at EU level introducing transparent, non-discriminatory rules on the criteria for economic and technical competency.Serbia has aligned partially with the EU Regulation on passengers rights, fulfilling its obligation under the European Common Aviation Area ECAA Agreement.

The inland waterways acquis recognises the great potential of inland navigation as an alternative transport mode for freight transport and aims to promote and strengthen the competitive position of the inland waterway transport in the transport system, and to facilitate its integration into the intermodal logistics chains.

Establishing an efficient trans-European transport network (TEN-T) is one of the key objectives of the EU transport policy and upon the accession main transport axis of the candidate countries will form part of the enlarged TEN-T Network.

The EU's Transport 2050 strategy, adopted in 2011, tends to create a Single European Transport Area which will foster integration of different modes of transport and decrease greenhouse gas emissions by at least 60 percent by 2050. If Europeis to fulfil its economic and social potential, it is essential to further develop its infrastructure as well as to ensure the future sustainability of transport system by taking into account the energy efficiency needs and protection of the environment.

Contact person:

Dejan Zlatković, CEP Associate -

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Open Society Foundations

Regional Research Promotion Programme