Energy policy prescribes rules regarding coal sector, the internal energy market, energy efficiency and renewable energy, nuclear energy and safety and radiation protection, in order to ensure competitiveness, security of supply and sustainability.
The acquis obliges Member states to ensure security of supply. They have to hold stocks of certain categories of oil products and to report to the Commission on relevant matters in this regard. Pursuant to the Regulation on Security of Gas supply, effective emergency plans have to be developed. This regulation also provides common indicator for defining supply disruption and if it occurs Member states are obliged to cooperate.
The internal energy market reached full liberalisation in 2007 when it comes to electricity and gas. Rules call for guarantee of universal electricity services as well as adequate protection of vulnerable customers. For appropriate functioning of the electricity and gas markets acquis calls for independent regulatory authorities and independent transmission system operators.
In promoting renewable energy and energy efficiency acquis requires high efficiency cogeneration and improvement of energy efficiency in many aspects. Rules also set out requirements for eco-design and energy labelling as well as enforcement body. Through programmes such as Intelligent Energy Europe Member states can cooperate in promoting renewable energy and energy efficiency.
High level of nuclear safety and risk protection is essential. Euratom Supply Agency holds exclusive rights for concluding contracts in relation to supply of nuclear materials. Protection of workers and population has to be achieved by complying with the radiation protection rules, including authorisation and reporting on practices and operational protection, strict controls, supervisions, environmental monitoring and emergency preparedness.